Oath Records

Oath Records

Record a Constitutional Oath in support of the protections through and by the First and Second Declaration of Independence of The United States of America, The Articles of Confederation (and Perpetual Union), and the ordain powers of the Northwest Ordinance of 1787, to identify the Constitutions of The 50 States, The U.S. Territories and The United States of America, including the Constitutions of The Tribes of The Indigenous People of the Americas.

An ‘Oath’ exhibit shall be honorably proclaimed from a natural, non-analogous, sovereign, conscious, and lawful entity as if under the authority of a Declaration of “We the People” from The United States of America’s First and Second Declaration of Independence known by Their proper Full Name.

A Declaration shall be known to originate from the Individual known by Their proper Full Name.  One capable to proclaim, announce and pronounce the pronoun: “I” within an Oath Declaration with spiritual and holy affirmation for The Trinity (Father God—The Divine Essence; Jesus Christ—The Son of God; The Holy Spirit—Unified Holy Procession of The Father and The Son), indivisible with liberty and justice for All, recorded by an appointed verity.

The conduct rule is any Member shall not imitate, nor, either slander to harm with any weapon, annoyance, nor either, trespass against this Faith Based Organization and any official Governmental unit in any action, fashion, formation, nor either, manner.

“I, (Full Name: [Blank]) affirm this is the truth the whole truth and
nothing but the truth: I, through and by the United States of America’s First
and Second Declaration of Independence, The Articles of Confederation (and
Perpetual Union), and the ordain powers of the Northwest Ordinance of
1787: I identify the Constitutions to the State of (fifty States), the United
States Territories (sixteen Territories), and the Constitution to The United
States of America (The District of Columbia), including the Constitutions of
the Indigenous Peoples of the Americas (All known Tribes)1;
for jurisprudential control of protection through and by the same, to and for
the same—I take this obligation freely without any purpose of evasion or
mental reservation; therefore, at this historical moment—I signal My willful intent to well and faithfully create
this record—so helped by the Trinity—indivisible, with liberty and justice for
All in Nature.

States: Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Commonwealth Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming;  Incorporated U.S. Territories: Puerto Rico; Guam; The United States of America Virgin Islands; Northern Mariana Islands; American Samoa; Unincorporated U.S. Territories: Jarvis Island, Baker Island, Howland Island, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef, Midway Islands, Navassa Island, Palmyra Atoll, Wake Island; Disputed U.S. Territories: Bajo Nuevo Bank, Serranilla Bank.  Reference: The Indigenous Peoples of The America’s list of Tribes.

“I, (Full Name: [Blank]) affirm this is the truth the whole truth and
nothing but the truth: I, through and by the United States of America’s First
and Second Declaration of Independence, The Articles of Confederation (and
Perpetual Union), and the ordain powers of the Northwest Ordinance of
1787: I identify the Constitutions to the State of (fifty States), the United
States Territories (sixteen Territories), and the Constitution to The United
States of America (The District of Columbia), including the Constitutions of
the Indigenous Peoples of the Americas (All known Tribes)1;
for jurisprudential control of protection through and by the same, to and for
the same—I take this obligation freely without any purpose of evasion or
mental reservation; therefore, at this historical moment, with Terms for the
Directivity of Time—I signal My willful intent to well and faithfully create
this record—so helped by the Trinity—indivisible, with liberty and justice for
All in Nature.

States: Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Commonwealth Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming;  Incorporated U.S. Territories: Puerto Rico; Guam; The United States of America Virgin Islands; Northern Mariana Islands; American Samoa; Unincorporated U.S. Territories: Jarvis Island, Baker Island, Howland Island, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef, Midway Islands, Navassa Island, Palmyra Atoll, Wake Island; Disputed U.S. Territories: Bajo Nuevo Bank, Serranilla Bank.  Reference: The Indigenous Peoples of The America’s list of Tribes.

In Congress, July 4, 1776

The unanimous Declaration of the thirteen united States of America, When in the Course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature’s God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.

We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.–That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, –That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shewn, that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Object evinces a design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future security.–Such has been the patient sufferance of these Colonies; and such is now the necessity which constrains them to alter their former Systems of Government. The history of the present King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these States. To prove this, let Facts be submitted to a candid world.

He has refused his Assent to Laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the public good.

He has forbidden his Governors to pass Laws of immediate and pressing importance, unless suspended in their operation till his Assent should be obtained; and when so suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them.

He has refused to pass other Laws for the accommodation of large districts of people, unless those people would relinquish the right of Representation in the Legislature, a right inestimable to them and formidable to tyrants only.

He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, uncomfortable, and distant from the depository of their public Records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with his measures.

He has dissolved Representative Houses repeatedly, for opposing with manly firmness his invasions on the rights of the people.

He has refused for a long time, after such dissolutions, to cause others to be elected; whereby the Legislative powers, incapable of Annihilation, have returned to the People at large for their exercise; the State remaining in the mean time exposed to all the dangers of invasion from without, and convulsions within.

He has endeavoured to prevent the population of these States; for that purpose obstructing the Laws for Naturalization of Foreigners; refusing to pass others to encourage their migrations hither, and raising the conditions of new Appropriations of Lands.

He has obstructed the Administration of Justice, by refusing his Assent to Laws for establishing Judiciary powers.

He has made Judges dependent on his Will alone, for the tenure of their offices, and the amount and payment of their salaries.

He has erected a multitude of New Offices, and sent hither swarms of Officers to harrass our people, and eat out their substance.

He has kept among us, in times of peace, Standing Armies without the Consent of our legislatures.

He has affected to render the Military independent of and superior to the Civil power.

He has combined with others to subject us to a jurisdiction foreign to our constitution, and unacknowledged by our laws; giving his Assent to their Acts of pretended Legislation:

For Quartering large bodies of armed troops among us:

For protecting them, by a mock Trial, from punishment for any Murders which they should commit on the Inhabitants of these States:

For cutting off our Trade with all parts of the world:

For imposing Taxes on us without our Consent:

For depriving us in many cases, of the benefits of Trial by Jury:

For transporting us beyond Seas to be tried for pretended offences

For abolishing the free System of English Laws in a neighbouring Province, establishing therein an Arbitrary government, and enlarging its Boundaries so as to render it at once an example and fit instrument for introducing the same absolute rule into these Colonies:

For taking away our Charters, abolishing our most valuable Laws, and altering fundamentally the Forms of our Governments:

For suspending our own Legislatures, and declaring themselves invested with power to legislate for us in all cases whatsoever.

He has abdicated Government here, by declaring us out of his Protection and waging War against us.

He has plundered our seas, ravaged our Coasts, burnt our towns, and destroyed the lives of our people.

He is at this time transporting large Armies of foreign Mercenaries to compleat the works of death, desolation and tyranny, already begun with circumstances of Cruelty & perfidy scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and totally unworthy the Head of a civilized nation.

He has constrained our fellow Citizens taken Captive on the high Seas to bear Arms against their Country, to become the executioners of their friends and Brethren, or to fall themselves by their Hands.

He has excited domestic insurrections amongst us, and has endeavoured to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers, the merciless Indian Savages, whose known rule of warfare, is an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes and conditions.

In every stage of these Oppressions We have Petitioned for Redress in the most humble terms: Our repeated Petitions have been answered only by repeated injury. A Prince whose character is thus marked by every act which may define a Tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free people.

Nor have We been wanting in attentions to our Brittish brethren. We have warned them from time to time of attempts by their legislature to extend an unwarrantable jurisdiction over us. We have reminded them of the circumstances of our emigration and settlement here. We have appealed to their native justice and magnanimity, and we have conjured them by the ties of our common kindred to disavow these usurpations, which, would inevitably interrupt our connections and correspondence. They too have been deaf to the voice of justice and of consanguinity. We must, therefore, acquiesce in the necessity, which denounces our Separation, and hold them, as we hold the rest of mankind, Enemies in War, in Peace Friends.

We, therefore, the Representatives of the united States of America, in General Congress, Assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our intentions, do, in the Name, and by Authority of the good People of these Colonies, solemnly publish and declare, That these United Colonies are, and of Right ought to be Free and Independent States; that they are Absolved from all Allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain, is and ought to be totally dissolved; and that as Free and Independent States, they have full Power to levy War, conclude Peace, contract Alliances, establish Commerce, and to do all other Acts and Things which Independent States may of right do. And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our Fortunes and our sacred Honor.

A 2nd DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE, By the 50 United States of America

With the utmost respect and admiration for the founders of America and the framers of the original DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE, the American people humbly emulate their thoughtful measured response to certain perpetual and ascending tyranny and despotism. We too believe it is moral obligation of those privileged with knowledge and opportunity to work on behalf of THE PEOPLE, that THE PEOPLE are served best when their benefactors choose unity over division, nationalism over globalism, sovereignty over submission, and liberty over oppression, that all human beings are equal in their innate value, that America was founded under God, and that our God-given rights may not be revoked, suspended, negated or abridged without due process. What distinguishes the 2nd DECLARATION OF INDEPENENCE from its progenitor is the object from which we seek independence.

Regrettably, to our great misfortune, shame and dismay, and despite the recurrent warnings, and accorded safeguards, a cable of foreign investors and privateers have managed to gain possession of our land, our wealth, our labor, our well-being, our future, and even our children.

Although history has become muddied with varied interpretations of cardinal events, including the surreptitious adoption of a second “corporate” constitution, and uncertain ratification of several amendments destructive to THE PEOPLE, it matters only that on or more alien groups lay claim to America and its assets. Rather than speculate on motives, and weigh unprofitably to biased accounts, unverifiable information, and plenteous theories and opinions, we engage a perfect solution, wherein we exact independence from all claimants, past and present, proclaimed, identified, or veiled. As such, the usurpers named in this declaration are representative, and not specific, or exhaustive, regardless of supposed, ancestry, preceded, instrument or process.

Although simply enumerating transgressions and usurpations would suffice to justify insularity, recounting significant events, reveals important facts, that are missing from history. These forgotten facts, add insight, perspective, and clarity, illuminating our best way forward.

  1. The inevitable Civil War destroyed America’s economy, ripped families apart, and cast a questionable shadow on the future of a once promising nation. America was in trouble financially, and needed a massive infusion of capital to get back to its feet.
  2. A cabal of nation-building venture capitals, from Europe, agreed to finance America’s recovery, but demanded an active role in government to ensure their investment. In 1871, mired in debt, Congress worked out a partnership. In exchange for boundless financial support, the foreign investors handle America’s administrative needs.
  3. Although initially it seemed to be an innocuous concession, the consequences of allowing the nation-building venture capitalists to conduct America’s business beyond the protections of the U.S. Constitution proved catastrophic. The investors quickly embedded OPERATIONS throughout the foreign-owned corporate government, and Washington D.C. began serving the interests of America’s financier’s over THE PEOPLE. In 1871, America effectively lost its independence, and the nation-building venture capitalists became our new masters.
  4. By the early 1900’s, the foreign investors that bankrolled America controlled the major newspapers and news services, enabling them to shape what is reported and how it is to be framed. They had to cover their tracks, before being exposed and repudiated by THE PEOPLE.
  5. The nation-building venture capitalists, worked to soften America’s imperturbable elevated system of government. The founders had formed a Constitutional Republic instead of a Democracy specifically to prevent citizens in the majority from oppressing those in the minority. By doing what is best for their District (or State), rather than enforce the majority will, representatives serve all citizens equally, eliminating the noise, division, and violence intrinsic to Democracies. Being in control of the narrative, the foreign investors ingenious promoted the fallacy that America is a Democracy trusting that the deception would lead to unrest and chaos that world make America vulnerable, creating additional opportunities for infiltration and manipulation.
  6. In 1913, the foreign investors established the Anti-Defamation League, to slander anyone who exposed them, and their infiltration into American politics.
  7. In 1913, by the way of the 16th Amendment, the foreign investors were granted the authority to tax the American people directly, something expressly prohibited by the original Constitution. That THE PEOPLE would willingly subject themselves to forced confiscation of their property (their labor) is illogical, putting the legitimacy of ratification in question.
  8. In 1913, by way of the 17th Amendment, the foreign investors breached an important safeguard that protected our Constitution Republic form infiltration of enemy forces. Previously, Senators were “Statesmen” appointed by the respective State Legislatures, as a check on the House of Representatives, raiding the public treasury, Henceforth. Senators would run as glorified House Representatives, reduced to promising “free” public money and services for votes. The authenticity of ratification is unlikely because the State Legislatures would not willingly surrender their authority to bridle the appetite of THE PEOPLE’s house not would they accede to transfer more power to the Federal Government, opening yet another door for the international bankers, to buy the influence they need, to further their grip on America.
  9. In 1913, the foreign investors gained control of our currency by pushing through Congress the Federal Reserve Act, establishing a foreign-owned central banking system despite the dire warnings of presidents Thomas Jefferson, Andrew Jackson, Abraham Lincoln, Andrew Johnson, James Garfield, and William McKinley. The Federal Reserve Act passed with the help of compromised legislators between 1:30AM to 4:30AM on December 22nd, when most members were away on the Christmas holiday.
  10. In 1920, Congress, by the way of the independent Treasury Act, turned over the U.S. Treasury Department, and its assets (our gold and silver), to the Federal Reserve, the central banking system owned by the foreign investors, established 1913.
  11. In 1921, the Council on Foreign Relations was formed under cover advancing America’s interests in the world. In fact, the CFR is sponsored by THE CITY OF LONDON, and serves to advance the interests of the foreign-owned Federal Reserve, by direction the president, Congress, and the narrative through OPERATIVES in their news and information networks.
  12. In 1925, the owners of the Federal Reserve formed the UNITED STATES corporation. Just 5 out of the 100 shares issued were identified, with the balance of the shareholders of US CORP remaining anonymous, yet the money hail leads to THE CITY OF LONDON, THE BRITISH CROWN, and THE VATICAN.  The tax dollars we send to the Internal Revenue Service go to the International Monetary Fund, and the World Bank, which are under their control.
  13. The official formation of US CORP set the stage for the transformation of America from a Constitutional Republic of THE PEOPLE to a corporation owned by foreign interests and their families. Over the next few years, the individual States were registered as corporations as well, making them franchises of US CORP. Representatives and Senators neither represent nor work for the American People. Rather, they are managers of US CORP. and, as such, they are obligated first to serve its best interests. The president is just the President of America. He is the CEO of US CORP.
  14. The abbreviated term “United State” was purposely used to represent both America and US CORP. to blur the distinction between them. Similarly, the original U.S. Constitution was quietly supplanted by an impostor “corporate (all-capital letters) constitution” that bears a similar name and appearance, again, to confuse and deceive the American people. Specifically, the “Constitution for the united states of America” was replaced by “THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES,” with the latter’s corporate statutes becoming the supreme law of America.
  15. In 1933, the U.S. federal government declared bankruptcy, and President Roosevelt, its acting CEO, signed over to US CORP. America and its assets, including THE PEOPLE, and our labor. The bankruptcy of 1933, that was arguably unnecessary, ceremonial in nature, and contrived and orchestrated without the consent of THE PEOPLE, completed the heist and transfer of America and its assets to the same foreign interests who own US CORP.
  16. In the bankruptcy of 1933, US CORP forced the American people to surrender their gold in trade for debt nots called “Dollars.” Fiat currency that has not real value, and that is depreciated continually through inflation to where it is worth just 4 cents today.
  17. The bankruptcy of 1933 put US CORP in a state of emergency, allowing it to implement Admiralty Law, made evident by the gold fringe around the American Flag. When in a US CORP courtroom, you are considered at sea and not a citizen of America.
  18. In 1936, US CORP began issuing Social Security Numbers to turn otherwise sovereign Americans into trustees of corporate fictions, making our labor taxable, which would otherwise be unconstitutional. According to US CORP. you are not a love man or woman, but rather a representation of a corporation in your name.
  19. In 1945, the anonymous owners US CORP founded the United Nations, under the guise of spreading peace, civility, and humanitarian assistance throughout the world, yet the true purpose is to condition citizens to recognize an international authority, a first step in establishing their promised “New World Order,” in which the U.S. Constitution is retired to make room for a universal totalitarian government.
  20. United Nation’s publications “Agenda 21” and “Agenda 30” reveal the “New World Order” agenda, calling for the end of nationalism, patriotism, private property, individual rights, the two-parent family, automobiles, air travel, and the right to defend ourselves from a tyrannical government. In keeping with their goal of “sustainable development,” they plan to reduce the population by over 90%, ridding America and the world of dissidents and “useless eaters.” The remaining “useful servants” are to live in coastal communities, wherein they will be stacked-and-packed in micro-apartments.
  21. The only thing standing in the way of their “New World Order” is a strong, prosperous, and secure America. To achieve their goal of world domination. America must lose its sovereignty and leadership position, and thus why the owners of US CORP quietly work to undermine our culture, systems, beliefs, standards, aspiration, and morals; for over 100 years, employing unrestrained method and tactics.
  22. With millions of dollars at their disposal every year from taxing our labor, the owners of US CORP. fund leftist non-profit groups, including the COUNCIL ON FOREIGN RELATIONS, that work to subvert our nation and silence anyone in opposition. They ingratiate the officials and administrators who run the largest charities and organizations, including the A.M.A. the APA, the CDC, the FCC, the SEC, and the FDA, and they embed OPERATIVES in the State Department, the Department of Justice, and the intelligence agencies, official and covert, including the NSA, FBI, and CIA.
  23. In trade for generous grants and endowments, the anonymous owners of US CORP shape the curriculum, and political sentiment of the public schools, colleges, and universities, insuring the next generations, our children, harbor disdain for their country, their history, their culture, their families, and even their ethnicity.
  24. The anonymous owners of US CORP keep THE PEOPLE in the dark about the true history of America, the greatest heist and cover-up in history, by controlling public education, the major publishers, the news services, the airwaves, and the social and information networks.
  25. The foreign owners of US CORP prop up “puppets” throughout society and government, allowing them to make millions of dollars in trade for perpetrating their agenda of secrecy and subjugation of America. These traitors include prominent politicians, news readers, pundits, authors, movie stars, and the heads of the social, news and information networks, major sports teams, music, and entertainment industries, and corporate conglomerates responsible for over 90% of the products designed, manufactured, advertised, purchased, financed and consumed.
  26. By the way of funding campaigns and fixing elections, the owners of US CORP obligate the most influential politicians to further their agenda of breaking America socially and financially. They promote disdain for country, dependency on government, indulgence, lawlessness, and immorality, to spoil and dishearten citizens, predisposing them to trade their sovereignty for the false promises of an international unelected government, sponsored by the world elite.
  27. By the way of the Democrat Party, and OPERATIVES posing as television hosts, entertainers, journalists, pundits and policy experts, the owners of US CORP brainwash and condition THE PEOPLE to accept invalid arguments and pseudoscience, that call for globalism, socialism, and a godless society, in which technology is our moral compass.
  28. The OPERATIVES of the foreign-owned US CORP are deeply rooted throughout the news and information networks, academia, government, and society. Colloquially referred to as “the Deep State,” “the Shadow Government,” and “the Swamp,” the OPERATIVES perform with a hive mind because they are guilty of treason, a crime punishable by death. They are desperate to hide their complicity, and thus they systematically target, demonize, and even “suicide” all who threaten to expose their treachery and malfeasance.
  29. The OPERATIVES of US CORP favor unbridled immigration because it is the most expedient way to destroy the country from within. Flooding America with illegal immigrants, without allowing them time to assimilate, ensures arrogance, separation, and anti-Americanism, and anger, animosity, and conflict with THE PEOPLE. By design, we can also expect a steady dilution of the principles, ethics, and systems that made America successful. Moreover, the majority of illegal immigrants are ethics and systems that made America successful. Moreover, the majority of illegal immigrants are likely to vote for Democrats, who legislate according to the will of the foreign owners of US CORP.
  30.     Because the free, open largely unchained internet reveals the hidden heist of America, and the criminal network that operates in the shadows, the owners of US CORP, the predators of crimes against America and Humanity are tightly concerned about exposure. To ensure THE PEOPLE do not wake up, organize, and enact justice, the sensor the information we see, ply us with psychoactive drugs, make us complacent with money from government, distract us with sempiternal video games, and promote us with meaningless sporting event after another.
  31. In conjunction with skewed statistics, deceptive polls, false facts, and the omission of decisive information, the owners of US CORP promote anti-Americanism, and their “New World Order” agenda. Fake new keeps THE PEOPLE disoriented, misinformed, and divided over ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, religion, and economic class. Meanwhile, their debt system enslaves us their grip ever lightens through surveillance, and fluorination, vaccinations, and others technologies are deployed to weaken any substantive opposition.
  32. The owners of US CORP are working incessantly to disarm the millions of law-abiding Patriots who stand in the way or their totalitarianism, oppressive “New World Order.” By the way of orchestrated mass shootings, the owners of US CORP will continue to terrorize THE PEOPLE until we assent to “comprehensive background checks.” The word “comprehensive” is nebulous and undefined, allowing for battery of psychological and medical testing, ever-expanding, until largeled individuals are deemed emotionally unstable, and a danger to society. True to the predictions of every futuristic book and movie, patriotic Americans will be disarmed by the way of political profiling, under the guise of screening for mental health.
  33. Through their vast indoctrination machine, the foreign owners of US CORP have convinced THE PEOPLE that America is a Democracy, and that Democracy is the highest form of government. This is problematic because Democracy is by definition, “mob rule.” Democracies invariably fail because “the majority mob” always demands more and more public monies and services, precured through excessive taxation and other Socialist-like policies, resulting in economic ruin, runaway debt, fiscal collapse, and ultimately; social implosion, opening the door for the promised, predicted, dreadful, and ever-looming “New World Order.” Because sovereignty is not sustainable without exploring the ills of Democracy, and reestablishing our elevated Constitutional Republic, we are compelled to make the following proclamations:
  34. The world Democracy does not appear anywhere in the America’s founding documents, because the framers knew that Democracy, in any form, or disguise is fatally flawed, leading invariably to oppression, unrest, societal failure, violence, and death.
  35. All modern forms of government are elected democratically. They differentiated only by who makes them decisions, after elections are over.
  36. In a Democracy, citizens in the majority make the sales, leaving those, in the minority oppressed. Consequently, a Democracy is always noisy, divisive, divided insufficient, unsteady, combustible, fiscally irresponsible, and short lived.
  37. America was established as a Constitutional Republic; those elected must NOT do the bidding of the citizen majority, Rather, they most do what is best for their District (of State), despite the majority will. In this way, all citizens are represented equally., and no one is suppressed, making a Constitutional Republic quiet, steady, efficient, and preferred.
  38. Although the word “democracy” feels good, it is founded on mob rule, making it akin to socialism, communism, and every other tyrannical form of government.
  39. Finally, Article QV. Section 4 of the U.S. Constitution resolves any doubt, “The United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union a Republican “Form of Government”.

Having exposed the greatest heist and cover-up in history, we are able to summarize. America and its assets were quietly hijacked, and the cover-up has resulted in unthinkable crimes against THE PEOPLE and humanity. Allowing the hostile takeover to stand will lead eventually to compete and irreversible subjugation and the eradication of truth, justice, and all that is good.

This 2nd DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE distinguishes the United States of American from the subversive UNITIED STATES CORPORATION. It asserts that the US CORP was formed illegally, that it is foreign-owned, and that its shareholders have been quietly at war with America for over 150 years. Treasonous OPERATIVES, embedded within government and the “fake news” networks, purposely divide the citizenry, and facilitate conflict among the nations., to hide that US CORP was formed illegally, that is foreign-owned, and that its shareholders have been quietly at war with America for over 150 years. Treasonous OPERATIVES, embedded within government and the “fake news” networks, purposely divide the citizenry, and facilitate conflict among the natives, to hide that US CORP is and always has been, the only real enemy of America. This 2nd DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE also repudiates, with conviction. US CORP’s satanically-inspired plan for world governance. In addition to being, of, by, and for THE ELITE, and not THE PEOPLE their falsely advertised pseudo-Utopian unelected totalitarian “New World Order” would supplant America’s sovereignty, and extinguish forever, any semblance of liberty, and prosperity.

Because natural inclinations predispose human beings to be shortsighted, malleable, and easily bamboozled, one might presume the American people should bear responsibility for being swindled out of their homeland, inherited from their forefathers who procured and secured if at great expense and much sacrifice, and for slowly but steadily trading there largely unappreciated blessings of liberty, opportunity, and prosperity for “trinkets” in the form of unearned comforts, frivolous indulgences, and gluttonous pleasures.

However, the transfer of ownership form the American people was not conducted openly and with candor, but clandestinely, through calculated design, and nefarious means, without body consent, and unconstitutionally. It is for the latter reason that American people claim their right to rectification. That the greatest heist in history was effected outside the constraints of the U.S. Constitution, and that those who were elected to represent America’s best interests transgressed their fiduciary responsibility, and exceeded their authority, warrants this proclamation, that the American people are rightful owners of our land, our labor, our wellbeing, or future, and our children, for our benefit, and the benefit of our posterity.

As with any negotiated peace after years of atrocities committed by parties at war, we seek neither vengeance nor demand justice for past transgressions. The simply adjure the return of what rightly belongs to THE PEOPLE, and avow firmly, emphatically, publicly, and officially, that America shall forever remain a sovereign nation, free, self-directed, and not affiliated or dependent upon any version, or variation, of the present, planned, or innovated “New World Order”.

We entreat a bloodless solution, wherein you cease all destruction activities, including false flag events, dissolve US CORP and other illicit legal structures and custodial instruments, return our land, and assets, including our gold and silver, redirect the tax collected on our labor back to America, and have your “Deep State” and “Shadow Government” OPERATIVES retire, withdrawing your influence in an orderly fashion, so society continues to thrive, in trade for you keeping your wealth, your position, and your heads.

In response to questions regarding legitimacy, efficacy, and process; throwing off the shackles of national thralldom is elementary and unambiguous, as evidenced by the separation of the 13 Colonies from Britain in 1776, and the Mexican people from Spain in 1825. A formal declaration, hailed by authorized representations, procures independence that is immediate, whole, consummate, infrangible, and unencumbered by obligation, condition, or imposition.

As we enter grievous territory, we reflect on the precarious road our forefathers forged when they judiciously severed the political and familial ties that bound them. Our hearts also are filled with melancholy and trepidation, yet we too are resolute in our posture and positions from being confronted with no better option. Despite the manifest peril, the consequences of acquiescence are graver still, compelling us to claim solemnly our independence once again. So, in support of this Declaration, with its firm reliance on the protection of divine providence, we mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our Fortunes, and our sacred Honor.

(The 56 signatories or THE TASK FORCE are to be affixed at the time of presentation to Congress, the President, the 50 State Legislatures, and the Governors of the respective States.)

To all to whom these Presents shall come, we, the undersigned Delegates of the States affixed to our Names send greeting. Whereas the Delegates of the United States of America in Congress assembled did on the fifteenth day of November in the year of our Lord One Thousand Seven Hundred and Seventy seven, and in the Second Year of the Independence of America agree to certain articles of Confederation and perpetual Union between the States of New Hampshire, Massachusetts-bay, Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia in the Words following, viz. “Articles of Confederation and perpetual Union between the States of Newhampshire, Massachusetts-bay, Rhodeisland and Providence Plantations, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia.

Article I.  The Stile of this confederacy shall be, “The United States of America.”

Article II.  Each state retains its sovereignty, freedom and independence, and every Power, Jurisdiction and right, which is not by this confederation expressly delegated to the United States, in Congress assembled.

Article III.  The said states hereby severally enter into a firm league of friendship with each other, for their common defence, the security of their Liberties, and their mutual and general welfare, binding themselves to assist each other, against all force offered to, or attacks made upon them, or any of them, on account of religion, sovereignty, trade, or any other pretence whatever.

Article IV.  The better to secure and perpetuate mutual friendship and intercourse among the people of the different states in this union, the free inhabitants of each of these states, paupers, vagabonds and fugitives from Justice excepted, shall be entitled to all privileges and immunities of free citizens in the several states; and the people of each state shall have free ingress and regress to and from any other state, and shall enjoy therein all the privileges of trade and commerce, subject to the same duties, impositions and restrictions as the inhabitants thereof respectively, provided that such restrictions shall not extend so far as to prevent the removal of property imported into any state, to any other State of which the Owner is an inhabitant; provided also that no imposition, duties or restriction shall be laid by any state, on the property of the united states, or either of them.

                       If any Person guilty of, or charged with, treason, felony, or other high misdemeanor in any state, shall flee from Justice, and be found in any of the united states, he shall upon demand of the Governor or executive power of the state from which he fled, be delivered up, and removed to the state having jurisdiction of his offence.

                       Full faith and credit shall be given in each of these states to the records, acts and judicial proceedings of the courts and magistrates of every other state.

Article V.  For the more convenient management of the general interests of the united states, delegates shall be annually appointed in such manner as the legislature of each state shall direct, to meet in Congress on the first Monday in November, in every year, with a power reserved to each state to recall its delegates, or any of them, at any time within the year, and to send others in their stead, for the remainder of the Year.

                 No State shall be represented in Congress by less than two, nor by more than seven Members; and no person shall be capable of being delegate for more than three years, in any term of six years; nor shall any person, being a delegate, be capable of holding any office under the united states, for which he, or another for his benefit receives any salary, fees or emolument of any kind.

                 Each State shall maintain its own delegates in a meeting of the states, and while they act as members of the committee of the states.

                 In determining questions in the united states, in Congress assembled, each state shall have one vote.

                 Freedom of speech and debate in Congress shall not be impeached or questioned in any Court, or place out of Congress, and the members of congress shall be protected in their persons from arrests and imprisonments, during the time of their going to and from, and attendance on congress, except for treason, felony, or breach of the peace.

Article VI. No State, without the Consent of the united States, in congress assembled, shall send any embassy to, or receive any embassy from, or enter into any conferrence, agreement, alliance, or treaty, with any King prince or state; nor shall any person holding any office of profit or trust under the united states, or any of them, accept of any present, emolument, office, or title of any kind whatever, from any king, prince, or foreign state; nor shall the united states, in congress assembled, or any of them, grant any title of nobility.

No two or more states shall enter into any treaty, confederation, or alliance whatever between them, without the consent of the united states, in congress assembled, specifying accurately the purposes for which the same is to be entered into, and how long it shall continue.

No State shall lay any imposts or duties, which may interfere with any stipulations in treaties, entered into by the united States in congress assembled, with any king, prince, or State, in pursuance of any treaties already proposed by congress, to the courts of France and Spain.

No vessels of war shall be kept up in time of peace, by any state, except such number only, as shall be deemed necessary by the united states, in congress assembled, for the defence of such state, or its trade; nor shall any body of forces be kept up, by any state, in time of peace, except such number only as, in the judgment of the united states, in congress assembled, shall be deemed requisite to garrison the forts necessary for the defence of such state; but every state shall always keep up a well regulated and disciplined militia, sufficiently armed and accounted, and shall provide and constantly have ready for use, in public stores, a due number of field pieces and tents, and a proper quantity of arms, ammunition, and camp equipage.

No State shall engage in any war without the consent of the united States in congress assembled, unless such State be actually invaded by enemies, or shall have received certain advice of a resolution being formed by some nation of Indians to invade such State, and the danger is so imminent as not to admit of a delay till the united states in congress assembled, can be consulted: nor shall any state grant commissions to any ships or vessels of war, nor letters of marque or reprisal, except it be after a declaration of war by the united states in congress assembled, and then only against the kingdom or State, and the subjects thereof, against which war has been so declared, and under such regulations as shall be established by the united states in congress assembled, unless such state be infested by pirates, in which case vessels of war may be fitted out for that occasion, and kept so long as the danger shall continue, or until the united states in congress assembled shall determine otherwise.

Article VII. When land forces are raised by any state, for the common defence, all officers of or under the rank of colonel, shall be appointed by the legislature of each state respectively by whom such forces shall be raised, or in such manner as such state shall direct, and all vacancies shall be filled up by the state which first made appointment.

Article VIII. All charges of war, and all other expenses that shall be incurred for the common defence or general welfare, and allowed by the united states in congress assembled, shall be defrayed out of a common treasury, which shall be supplied by the several states, in proportion to the value of all land within each state, granted to or surveyed for any Person, as such land and the buildings  and improvements thereon shall be estimated, according to such mode as the united states, in congress assembled, shall, from time to time, direct and appoint. The taxes for paying that proportion shall be laid and levied by the authority and direction of the legislatures of the several states within the time agreed upon by the united states in congress assembled.

Article IX. The united states, in congress assembled, shall have the sole and exclusive right and power of determining on peace and war, except in the cases mentioned in the sixth article – of sending and receiving ambassadors – entering into treaties and alliances, provided that no treaty of commerce shall be made, whereby the legislative power of the respective states shall be restrained from imposing such imposts and duties on foreigners, as their own people are subjected to, or from prohibiting the exportation or importation of any species of goods or commodities whatsoever –  of establishing rules for deciding, in all cases, what captures on land or water shall be legal, and in what manner prizes taken by land or naval forces in the service of the united Sates, shall be divided or appropriated – of granting letters of marque and reprisal in times of peace  –  appointing courts for the trial of piracies and felonies committed on the high seas; and establishing courts; for receiving and determining finally appeals in all cases of captures; provided that no member of congress shall be appointed a judge of any of the said courts.

The united states, in congress assembled, shall also be the last resort on appeal, in all disputes and differences now subsisting, or that hereafter may arise between two or more states concerning boundary, jurisdiction, or any other cause whatever; which authority shall always be exercised in the manner following. Whenever the legislative or executive authority, or lawful agent of any state in controversy with another, shall present a petition to congress, stating the matter in question, and praying for a hearing, notice thereof shall be given, by order of congress, to the legislative or executive authority of the other state in controversy, and a day assigned for the appearance of the parties by their lawful agents, who shall then be directed to appoint, by joint consent, commissioners or judges to constitute a court for hearing and determining the matter in question: but if they cannot agree, congress shall name three persons out of each of the united states, and from the list of such persons each party shall alternately strike out one, the petitioners beginning, until the number shall be reduced to thirteen; and from that number not less than seven, nor more than nine names, as congress shall direct, shall, in the presence of congress, be drawn out by lot, and the persons whose names shall be so drawn, or any five of them, shall be commissioners or judges, to hear and finally determine the controversy, so always as a major part of the judges, who shall hear the cause, shall agree in the determination: and if either party shall neglect to attend at the day appointed, without showing reasons which congress shall judge sufficient, or being present, shall refuse to strike, the congress shall proceed to nominate three persons out of each State, and the secretary of congress shall strike in behalf of such party absent or refusing; and the judgment and sentence of the court, to be appointed in the manner before prescribed, shall be final and conclusive; and if any of the parties shall refuse to submit to the authority of such court, or to appear or defend their claim or cause, the court shall nevertheless proceed to pronounce sentence, or judgment, which shall in like manner be final and decisive; the judgment or sentence and other proceedings being in either case transmitted to congress, and lodged among the acts of congress, for the security of the parties concerned: provided that every commissioner, before he sits in judgment, shall take an oath to be administered by one of the judges of the supreme or superior court of the State where the cause shall be tried, “well and truly to hear and determine the matter in question, according to the best of his judgment, without favour, affection, or hope of reward: “provided, also, that no State shall be deprived of territory for the benefit of the united states.

All controversies concerning the private right of soil claimed under different grants of two or more states, whose jurisdictions as they may respect such lands, and the states which passed such grants are adjusted, the said grants or either of them being at the same time claimed to have originated antecedent to such settlement of jurisdiction, shall, on the petition of either party to the congress of the united states, be finally determined, as near as may be, in the same manner as is before prescribed for deciding disputes respecting territorial jurisdiction between different states.

The united states, in congress assembled, shall also have the sole and exclusive right and power of regulating the alloy and value of coin struck by their own authority, or by that of the respective states – fixing the standard of weights and measures throughout the united states – regulating the trade and managing all affairs with the Indians, not members of any of the states; provided that the legislative right of any state, within its own limits, be not infringed or violated – establishing and regulating post-offices from one state to another, throughout all the united states, and exacting such postage on the papers passing through the same, as may be requisite to defray the expenses of the said office – appointing all officers of the land forces in the service of the united States, excepting regimental officers – appointing all the officers of the naval forces, and commissioning all officers whatever in the service of the united states; making rules for the government and regulation of the said land and naval forces, and directing their operations.

The united States, in congress assembled, shall have authority to appoint a committee, to sit in the recess of congress, to be denominated, “A Committee of the States,” and to consist of one delegate from each State; and to appoint such other committees and civil officers as may be necessary for managing the general affairs of the united states under their direction – to appoint one of their number to preside; provided that no person be allowed to serve in the office of president more than one year in any term of three years; to ascertain the necessary sums of money to be raised for the service of the united states, and to appropriate and apply the same for defraying the public expenses; to borrow money or emit bills on the credit of the united states, transmitting every half year to the respective states an account of the sums of money so borrowed or emitted, –  to build and equip a navy – to agree upon the number of land forces, and to make requisitions from each state for its quota, in proportion to the number of white inhabitants in such state, which requisition shall be binding; and thereupon the legislature of each state shall appoint the regimental officers, raise the men, and clothe, arm, and equip them, in a soldier-like manner, at the expense of the united states; and the officers and men so clothed, armed, and equipped, shall march to the place appointed, and within the time agreed on by the united states, in congress assembled; but if the united states, in congress assembled, shall, on consideration of circumstances, judge proper that any state should not raise men, or should raise a smaller number than its quota, and that any other state should raise a greater number of men than the quota thereof, such extra number shall be raised, officered, clothed, armed, and equipped in the same manner as the quota of such state, unless the legislature of such state shall judge that such extra number cannot be safely spared out of the same, in which case they shall raise, officer, clothe, arm, and equip, as many of such extra number as they judge can be safely spared. And the officers and men so clothed, armed, and equipped, shall march to the place appointed, and within the time agreed on by the united states in congress assembled.

The united states, in congress assembled, shall never engage in a war, nor grant letters of marque and reprisal in time of peace, nor enter into any treaties or alliances, nor coin money, nor regulate the value thereof nor ascertain the sums and expenses necessary for the defence and welfare of the united states, or any of them, nor emit bills, nor borrow money on the credit of the united states, nor appropriate money, nor agree upon the number of vessels of war to be built or purchased, or the number of land or sea forces to be raised, nor appoint a commander in chief of the army or navy, unless nine states assent to the same, nor shall a question on any other point, except for adjourning from day to day, be determined, unless by the votes of a majority of the united states in congress assembled.

The congress of the united states shall have power to adjourn to any time within the year, and to any place within the united states, so that no period of adjournment be for a longer duration than the space of six Months, and shall publish the Journal of their proceedings monthly, except such parts thereof relating to treaties, alliances, or military operations, as in their judgment require secrecy; and the yeas and nays of the delegates of each State, on any question, shall be entered on the Journal, when it is desired by any delegate; and the delegates of a State, or any of them, at his or their request, shall be furnished with a transcript of the said Journal, except such parts as are above excepted, to lay before the legislatures of the several states.

Article X. The committee of the states, or any nine of them, shall be authorized to execute, in the recess of congress, such of the powers of congress as the united states, in congress assembled, by the consent of nine states, shall, from time to time, think expedient to vest them with; provided that no power be delegated to the said committee, for the exercise of which, by the articles of confederation, the voice of nine states, in the congress of the united states assembled, is requisite.

Article XI. Canada acceding to this confederation, and joining in the measures of the united states, shall be admitted into, and entitled to all the advantages of this union: but no other colony shall be admitted into the same, unless such admission be agreed to by nine states.

Article XII. All bills of credit emitted, monies borrowed, and debts contracted by or under the authority of congress, before the assembling of the united states, in pursuance of the present confederation, shall be deemed and considered as a charge against the united States, for payment and satisfaction whereof the said united states and the public faith are hereby solemnly pledged.

Article XIII. Every State shall abide by the determinations of the united states, in congress assembled, on all questions which by this confederation are submitted to them. And the Articles of this confederation shall be inviolably observed by every state, and the union shall be perpetual; nor shall any alteration at any time hereafter be made in any of them, unless such alteration be agreed to in a congress of the united states, and be afterwards con-firmed by the legislatures of every state.

And Whereas it hath pleased the Great Governor of the World to incline the hearts of the legislatures we respectively represent in congress, to approve of, and to authorize us to ratify the said articles of confederation and perpetual union, Know Ye, that we, the undersigned delegates, by virtue of the power and authority to us given for that purpose, do, by these presents, in the name and in behalf of our respective constituents, fully and entirely ratify and confirm each and every of the said articles of confederation and perpetual union, and all and singular the matters and things therein contained. And we do further solemnly plight and engage the faith of our respective constituents, that they shall abide by the determinations of the united states in congress assembled, on all questions, which by the said confederation are submitted to them. And that the articles thereof shall be inviolably observed by the states we respectively represent, and that the union shall be perpetual. In Witness whereof, we have hereunto set our hands, in Congress. Done at Philadelphia, in the State of Pennsylvania, the ninth Day of July, in the Year of our Lord one Thousand seven Hundred and Seventy eight, and in the third year of the Independence of America.

The Northwest Ordinance

July 13, 1787
An Ordinance for the government of the Territory of the United States northwest of the River Ohio.
Be it ordained by the United States in Congress assembled, That the said territory, for the purposes of temporary government, be one district, subject, however, to be divided into two districts, as future circumstances may, in the opinion of Congress, make it expedient.
Be it ordained by the authority aforesaid, That the estates, both of resident and nonresident proprietors in the said territory, dying intestate, shall descent to, and be distributed among their children, and the descendants of a deceased child, in equal parts; the descendants of a deceased child or grandchild to take the share of their deceased parent in equal parts among them: And where there shall be no children or descendants, then in equal parts to the next of kin in equal degree; and among collaterals, the children of a deceased brother or sister of the intestate shall have, in equal parts among them, their deceased parents’ share; and there shall in no case be a distinction between kindred of the whole and half blood; saving, in all cases, to the widow of the intestate her third part of the real estate for life, and one third part of the personal estate; and this law relative to descents and dower, shall remain in full force until altered by the legislature of the district. And until the governor and judges shall adopt laws as hereinafter mentioned, estates in the said territory may be devised or bequeathed by wills in writing, signed and sealed by him or her in whom the estate may be (being of full age), and attested by three witnesses; and real estates may be conveyed by lease and release, or bargain and sale, signed, sealed and delivered by the person being of full age, in whom the estate may be, and attested by two witnesses, provided such wills be duly proved, and such conveyances be acknowledged, or the execution thereof duly proved, and be recorded within one year after proper magistrates, courts, and registers shall be appointed for that purpose; and personal property may be transferred by delivery; saving, however to the French and Canadian inhabitants, and other settlers of the Kaskaskies, St. Vincents and the neighboring villages who have heretofore professed themselves citizens of Virginia, their laws and customs now in force among them, relative to the descent and conveyance, of property.
Be it ordained by the authority aforesaid, That there shall be appointed from time to time by Congress, a governor, whose commission shall continue in force for the term of three years, unless sooner revoked by Congress; he shall reside in the district, and have a freehold estate therein in 1,000 acres of land, while in the exercise of his office.
There shall be appointed from time to time by Congress, a secretary, whose commission shall continue in force for four years unless sooner revoked; he shall reside in the district, and have a freehold estate therein in 500 acres of land, while in the exercise of his office. It shall be his duty to keep and preserve the acts and laws passed by the legislature, and the public records of the district, and the proceedings of the governor in his executive department, and transmit authentic copies of such acts and proceedings, every six months, to the Secretary of Congress: There shall also be appointed a court to consist of three judges, any two of whom to form a court, who shall have a common law jurisdiction, and reside in the district, and have each therein a freehold estate in 500 acres of land while in the exercise of their offices; and their commissions shall continue in force during good behavior.
The governor and judges, or a majority of them, shall adopt and publish in the district such laws of the original States, criminal and civil, as may be necessary and best suited to the circumstances of the district, and report them to Congress from time to time: which laws shall be in force in the district until the organization of the General Assembly therein, unless disapproved of by Congress; but afterwards the Legislature shall have authority to alter them as they shall think fit.
The governor, for the time being, shall be commander in chief of the militia, appoint and commission all officers in the same below the rank of general officers; all general officers shall be appointed and commissioned by Congress.
Previous to the organization of the general assembly, the governor shall appoint such magistrates and other civil officers in each county or township, as he shall find necessary for the preservation of the peace and good order in the same: After the general assembly shall be organized, the powers and duties of the magistrates and other civil officers shall be regulated and defined by the said assembly; but all magistrates and other civil officers not herein otherwise directed, shall during the continuance of this temporary government, be appointed by the governor.
For the prevention of crimes and injuries, the laws to be adopted or made shall have force in all parts of the district, and for the execution of process, criminal and civil, the governor shall make proper divisions thereof; and he shall proceed from time to time as circumstances may require, to lay out the parts of the district in which the Indian titles shall have been extinguished, into counties and townships, subject, however, to such alterations as may thereafter be made by the legislature.
So soon as there shall be five thousand free male inhabitants of full age in the district, upon giving proof thereof to the governor, they shall receive authority, with time and place, to elect a representative from their counties or townships to represent them in the general assembly: Provided, That, for every five hundred free male inhabitants, there shall be one representative, and so on progressively with the number of free male inhabitants shall the right of representation increase, until the number of representatives shall amount to twenty five; after which, the number and proportion of representatives shall be regulated by the legislature: Provided, That no person be eligible or qualified to act as a representative unless he shall have been a citizen of one of the United States three years, and be a resident in the district, or unless he shall have resided in the district three years; and, in either case, shall likewise hold in his own right, in fee simple, two hundred acres of land within the same; Provided, also, That a freehold in fifty acres of land in the district, having been a citizen of one of the states, and being resident in the district, or the like freehold and two years residence in the district, shall be necessary to qualify a man as an elector of a representative.
The representatives thus elected, shall serve for the term of two years; and, in case of the death of a representative, or removal from office, the governor shall issue a writ to the county or township for which he was a member, to elect another in his stead, to serve for the residue of the term.
The general assembly or legislature shall consist of the governor, legislative council, and a house of representatives. The Legislative Council shall consist of five members, to continue in office five years, unless sooner removed by Congress; any three of whom to be a quorum: and the members of the Council shall be nominated and appointed in the following manner, to wit: As soon as representatives shall be elected, the Governor shall appoint a time and place for them to meet together; and, when met, they shall nominate ten persons, residents in the district, and each possessed of a freehold in five hundred acres of land, and return their names to Congress; five of whom Congress shall appoint and commission to serve as aforesaid; and, whenever a vacancy shall happen in the council, by death or removal from office, the house of representatives shall nominate two persons, qualified as aforesaid, for each vacancy, and return their names to Congress; one of whom congress shall appoint and commission for the residue of the term. And every five years, four months at least before the expiration of the time of service of the members of council, the said house shall nominate ten persons, qualified as aforesaid, and return their names to Congress; five of whom Congress shall appoint and commission to serve as members of the council five years, unless sooner removed. And the governor, legislative council, and house of representatives, shall have authority to make laws in all cases, for the good government of the district, not repugnant to the principles and articles in this ordinance established and declared. And all bills, having passed by a majority in the house, and by a majority in the council, shall be referred to the governor for his assent; but no bill, or legislative act whatever, shall be of any force without his assent. The governor shall have power to convene, prorogue, and dissolve the general assembly, when, in his opinion, it shall be expedient.
The governor, judges, legislative council, secretary, and such other officers as Congress shall appoint in the district, shall take an oath or affirmation of fidelity and of office; the governor before the president of congress, and all other officers before the Governor. As soon as a legislature shall be formed in the district, the council and house assembled in one room, shall have authority, by joint ballot, to elect a delegate to Congress, who shall have a seat in Congress, with a right of debating but not voting during this temporary government.
And, for extending the fundamental principles of civil and religious liberty, which form the basis whereon these republics, their laws and constitutions are erected; to fix and establish those principles as the basis of all laws, constitutions, and governments, which forever hereafter shall be formed in the said territory: to provide also for the establishment of States, and permanent government therein, and for their admission to a share in the federal councils on an equal footing with the original States, at as early periods as may be consistent with the general interest:
It is hereby ordained and declared by the authority aforesaid, That the following articles shall be considered as articles of compact between the original States and the people and States in the said territory and forever remain unalterable, unless by common consent, to wit:
Article I.
No person, demeaning himself in a peaceable and orderly manner, shall ever be molested on account of his mode of worship or religious sentiments, in the said territory.
Article II.
The inhabitants of the said territory shall always be entitled to the benefits of the writ of habeas corpus, and of the trial by jury; of a proportionate representation of the people in the legislature; and of judicial proceedings according to the course of the common law. All persons shall be bailable, unless for capital offenses, where the proof shall be evident or the presumption great. All fines shall be moderate; and no cruel or unusual punishments shall be inflicted. No man shall be deprived of his liberty or property, but by the judgment of his peers or the law of the land; and, should the public exigencies make it necessary, for the common preservation, to take any person’s property, or to demand his particular services, full compensation shall be made for the same. And, in the just preservation of rights and property, it is understood and declared, that no law ought ever to be made, or have force in the said territory, that shall, in any manner whatever, interfere with or affect private contracts or engagements, bona fide, and without fraud, previously formed.
Article III.
Religion, morality, and knowledge, being necessary to good government and the happiness of mankind, schools and the means of education shall forever be encouraged. The utmost good faith shall always be observed towards the Indians; their lands and property shall never be taken from them without their consent; and, in their property, rights, and liberty, they shall never be invaded or disturbed, unless in just and lawful wars authorized by Congress; but laws founded in justice and humanity, shall from time to time be made for preventing wrongs being done to them, and for preserving peace and friendship with them.
Article IV.
The said territory, and the States which may be formed therein, shall forever remain a part of this Confederacy of the United States of America, subject to the Articles of Confederation, and to such alterations therein as shall be constitutionally made; and to all the acts and ordinances of the United States in Congress assembled, conformable thereto. The inhabitants and settlers in the said territory shall be subject to pay a part of the federal debts contracted or to be contracted, and a proportional part of the expenses of government, to be apportioned on them by Congress according to the same common rule and measure by which apportionments thereof shall be made on the other States; and the taxes for paying their proportion shall be laid and levied by the authority and direction of the legislatures of the district or districts, or new States, as in the original States, within the time agreed upon by the United States in Congress assembled. The legislatures of those districts or new States, shall never interfere with the primary disposal of the soil by the United States in Congress assembled, nor with any regulations Congress may find necessary for securing the title in such soil to the bona fide purchasers. No tax shall be imposed on lands the property of the United States; and, in no case, shall nonresident proprietors be taxed higher than residents. The navigable waters leading into the Mississippi and St. Lawrence, and the carrying places between the same, shall be common highways and forever free, as well to the inhabitants of the said territory as to the citizens of the United States, and those of any other States that may be admitted into the confederacy, without any tax, impost, or duty therefore.
Article V.
There shall be formed in the said territory, not less than three nor more than five States; and the boundaries of the States, as soon as Virginia shall alter her act of cession, and consent to the same, shall become fixed and established as follows, to wit: The western State in the said territory, shall be bounded by the Mississippi, the Ohio, and Wabash Rivers; a direct line drawn from the Wabash and Post Vincents, due North, to the territorial line between the United States and Canada; and, by the said territorial line, to the Lake of the Woods and Mississippi. The middle State shall be bounded by the said direct line, the Wabash from Post Vincents to the Ohio, by the Ohio, by a direct line, drawn due north from the mouth of the Great Miami, to the said territorial line, and by the said territorial line. The eastern State shall be bounded by the last mentioned direct line, the Ohio, Pennsylvania, and the said territorial line: Provided, however, and it is further understood and declared, that the boundaries of these three States shall be subject so far to be altered, that, if Congress shall hereafter find it expedient, they shall have authority to form one or two States in that part of the said territory which lies north of an east and west line drawn through the southerly bend or extreme of Lake Michigan. And, whenever any of the said States shall have sixty thousand free inhabitants therein, such State shall be admitted, by its delegates, into the Congress of the United States, on an equal footing with the original States in all respects whatever, and shall be at liberty to form a permanent constitution and State government: Provided, the constitution and government so to be formed, shall be republican, and in conformity to the principles contained in these articles; and, so far as it can be consistent with the general interest of the confederacy, such admission shall be allowed at an earlier period, and when there may be a less number of free inhabitants in the State than sixty thousand.
Article VI.
There shall be neither slavery nor involuntary servitude in the said territory, otherwise than in the punishment of crimes whereof the party shall have been duly convicted: Provided, always, That any person escaping into the same, from whom labor or service is lawfully claimed in any one of the original States, such fugitive may be lawfully reclaimed and conveyed to the person claiming his or her labor or service as aforesaid.
Be it ordained by the authority aforesaid, That the resolutions of the 23rd of April, 1784, relative to the subject of this ordinance, be, and the same are hereby repealed and declared null and void.

All Known Indigenous Tribes of The Americas (May not be extensive.)


Native American Tribes List – Source: [https://www.legendsofamerica.com/na-tribelist/]Indian Tribal Entities Within the Contiguous 48 States Recognized by and Eligible To Receive Services From the United States Bureau of Indian AffairsNative Entities Within the State of Alaska Recognized by and Eligible To Receive Services From the United States Bureau of Indian Affairs


Absentee-Shawnee Tribe of Indians of OklahomaAgdaagux Tribe of King Cove
Abenaki/AbnakiiAgua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians of the Agua Caliente Indian Reservation, California 
Aberginian Akiachak Native Community
AbihkaAk-Chin Indian Community [previously listed as Ak Chin Indian Community of the Maricopa (Ak Chin) Indian Reservation, Arizona] 
Abittibi Akiak Native Community
Absaroka/CrowAlabama-Coushatta Tribe of Texas [previously listed as Alabama-Coushatta Tribes of Texas] 
Absentee Shawnee Alatna Village
AccohanocAlabama-Quassarte Tribal Town 
Accominta/Agamenticus Algaaciq Native Village (St. Mary’s)
Achiligonan Alturas Indian Rancheria, California 
Achumawi Allakaket Village
AcolapissaApache Tribe of Oklahoma 
Acoma Alutiiq Tribe of Old Harbor [previously listed as Native Village of Old Harbor and Village of Old Harbor]
AcquintanacsnakArapaho Tribe of the Wind River Reservation, Wyoming 
Acuera Angoon Community Association
AdaiAroostook Band of Micmacs [previously listed as Aroostook Band of Micmac Indians] 
Adena Culture Anvik Village
AdirondackAssiniboine and Sioux Tribes of the Fort Peck Indian Reservation, Montana 
Adshusheer Arctic Village (See Native Village of Venetie Tribal Government)
Agua CalienteAugustine Band of Cahuilla Indians, California [previously listed as Augustine Band of Cahuilla Mission Indians of the Augustine Reservation] 
Agawam Asa’carsarmiut Tribe
AhantchuyukBad River Band of the Lake Superior Tribe of Chippewa Indians of the Bad River Reservation, Wisconsin 
Ahtena Beaver Village
Ais/AysBay Mills Indian Community, Michigan 
Acjachemem Birch Creek Tribe
AkonapiBear River Band of the Rohnerville Rancheria, California 
Alabama/Alibamu Central Council of the Tlingit & Haida Indian Tribes
AleutBerry Creek Rancheria of Maidu Indians of California 
Algonquian Family Chalkyitsik Village
AlgonquinBig Lagoon Rancheria, California 
Allakaweah Cheesh-Na Tribe [previously listed as Native Village of Chistochina]
Aliklik/TataviumBig Pine Paiute Tribe of the Owens Valley [previously listed as Big Pine Band of Owens Valley Paiute Shoshone Indians of the Big Pine Reservation, California] 
Alsea/Alsi Chevak Native Village
AmacanoBig Sandy Rancheria of Western Mono Indians of California [previously listed as Big Sandy Rancheria of Mono Indians of California] 
Amahami Chickaloon Native Village
AmasecontiBig Valley Band of Pomo Indians of the Big Valley Rancheria, California 
Amikwa Chignik Bay Tribal Council [previously listed as Native Village of Chignik]
AnadarkoBishop Paiute Tribe [previously listed as Paiute-Shoshone Indians of the Bishop Community of the Bishop Colony, California] 
Ancient Puebloans/Anasazi Chignik Lake Village
AndroscogginBlackfeet Tribe of the Blackfeet Indian Reservation of Montana 
Anishinaabe Chilkat Indian Village (Klukwan)
Ani-Stohini/UnamBlue Lake Rancheria, California 
Aondironon Chilkoot Indian Association (Haines)
ApacheBridgeport Indian Colony [previously listed as Bridgeport Paiute Indian Colony of California] 
Apalachee Chinik Eskimo Community (Golovin)
ApalachicolaBuena Vista Rancheria of Me-Wuk Indians of California 
Applegate/Galice Chuloonawick Native Village
AppomattocBurns Paiute Tribe [previously listed as Burns Paiute Tribe of the Burns Paiute Indian Colony of Oregon] 
Aquackanonk Circle Native Community
AranamaCabazon Band of Mission Indians, California 
Arapaho Craig Tribal Association [previously listed as Craig Community Association]
Arawak/TainoCachil DeHe Band of Wintun Indians of the Colusa Indian Community of the Colusa Rancheria, California 


 Curyung Tribal Council
ArivaipaCaddo Nation of Oklahoma 
Arkokisa Douglas Indian Association
Armouchiquois Cahto Tribe of the Laytonville Rancheria 
Arosaguntacook Egegik Village
AscahcutonerCahuilla Band of Indians [previously listed as Cahuilla Band of Mission Indians of the Cahuilla Reservation, California] 
Assateague Eklutna Native Village
AssegunCalifornia Valley Miwok Tribe, California 
Assiniboine Emmonak Village
AssutiCampo Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Campo Indian Reservation, California 
Atakapa Evansville Village (aka Bettles Field)
AtanumlemaCapitan Grande Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of California (Barona Group of Capitan Grande Band of Mission Indians of the Barona Reservation, California; 
Atasi Galena Village (aka Louden Village)
AtchatchakangouenViejas (Baron Long) Group of Capitan Grande Band of Mission Indians of the Viejas Reservation, California) 
Atfaiati/Tualatin Gulkana Village Council [previously listed as Gulkana Village]
Athapascan FamilyCatawba Indian Nation [previously listed as Catawba Tribe of South Carolina] 
Atikamekw Healy Lake Village
AtquanachukeCayuga Nation 
Atsina/Gros Ventre Holy Cross Tribe [previously listed as Holy Cross Village]
AtsugewiCedarville Rancheria, California 
Aucocisco Hoonah Indian Association
AvavareChemehuevi Indian Tribe of the Chemehuevi Reservation, California 
Avoyel Hughes Village
Awani/AwanichiCher-Ae Heights Indian Community of the Trinidad Rancheria, California 
Awatovi Huslia Village
BCherokee Nation 


 Hydaburg Cooperative Association
BankalachiCheyenne and Arapaho Tribes, Oklahoma [previously listed as Cheyenne-Arapaho Tribes of Oklahoma] 
Bannock Igiugig Village
BasawunenaCheyenne River Sioux Tribe of the Cheyenne River Reservation, South Dakota 
Bayougoula Inupiat Community of the Arctic Slope
Bear RiverChickahominy Indian Tribe 
Beaver/Tsattine Iqugmiut Traditional Council [previously listed as Iqurmuit Traditional Council]


Chickahominy Indian Tribe—Eastern Division 
Bella Coola Ivanof Bay Tribe [previously listed as Ivanoff Bay Tribe and Ivanoff Bay Village]
BeothukChicken Ranch Rancheria of Me-Wuk Indians of California 
Bersiamite Kaguyak Village
BidaiChippewa Cree Indians of the Rocky Boy’s Reservation, Montana [previously listed as Chippewa-Cree Indians of the Rocky Boy’s Reservation, Montana] 
Bigiopa Kaktovik Village (aka Barter Island)
Big Swamp IndiansChitimacha Tribe of Louisiana 


 Kasigluk Traditional Elders Council
BlackfootCitizen Potawatomi Nation, Oklahoma 
Blewmouths Kenaitze Indian Tribe
BocootawwonaukeCloverdale Rancheria of Pomo Indians of California 
Brotherton Ketchikan Indian Community [previously listed as Ketchikan Indian Corporation]
Buena VistaCocopah Tribe of Arizona 
C King Island Native Community


Coeur D’Alene Tribe [previously listed as Coeur D’Alene Tribe of the Coeur D’Alene Reservation, Idaho] 
Cahokia King Salmon Tribe
CahuillaCold Springs Rancheria of Mono Indians of California 
Cajuenche Klawock Cooperative Association
CalapooyaColorado River Indian Tribes of the Colorado River Indian Reservation, Arizona and California 
Callam Knik Tribe
CalusaComanche Nation, Oklahoma 
Canarsee Kokhanok Village
CaparazConfederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes of the Flathead Reservation 
Cape Fear Indians Koyukuk Native Village
CapinanConfederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama Nation 
Carrier Levelock Village
CascadeConfederated Tribes of Siletz Indians of Oregon [previously listed as Confederated Tribes of the Siletz Reservation] 
Catawba Lime Village
Cathlacomatup Confederated Tribes of the Chehalis Reservation 
Cathlacumup Manley Hot Springs Village
CathlakaheckitConfederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation 
Cathlamet Manokotak Village
Cathlanahquiah Confederated Tribes of the Coos, Lower Umpqua and Siuslaw Indians 
Cathlapotle McGrath Native Village
CathlathlalasConfederated Tribes of the Goshute Reservation, Nevada and Utah 
Caughnawaga/Kahnawake Mentasta Traditional Council
CayugaConfederated Tribes of the Grand Ronde Community of Oregon 
Cayuse Metlakatla Indian Community, Annette Island Reserve
ChactooConfederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation [previously listed as Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Reservation, Oregon] 
Chafin Naknek Native Village
ChakankniConfederated Tribes of the Warm Springs Reservation of Oregon 
Chakchiuma Native Village of Afognak
ChatoCoquille Indian Tribe [previously listed as Coquille Tribe of Oregon] 
Chatot Native Village of Akhiok
ChauiCoushatta Tribe of Louisiana 
Chaushila Native Village of Akutan
ChawashaCow Creek Band of Umpqua Tribe of Indians [previously listed as Cow Creek Band of Umpqua Indians of Oregon] 


 Native Village of Aleknagik
ChelamelaCowlitz Indian Tribe 
Chelan Native Village of Ambler
ChemehueviCoyote Valley Band of Pomo Indians of California 
Chemapho Native Village of Atka
ChenapinefuCrow Creek Sioux Tribe of the Crow Creek Reservation, South Dakota 
Chepenafa Native Village of Atqasuk [previously listed as Atqasuk Village (Atkasook)]
CherawCrow Tribe of Montana 
Cherokee Native Village of Barrow Inupiat Traditional Government
ChesapeakeDelaware Nation, Oklahoma 
Chetco Native Village of Belkofski
CheyenneDelaware Tribe of Indians 
Chickahominy Native Village of Brevig Mission
ChickamaugaDry Creek Rancheria Band of Pomo Indians, California [previously listed as Dry Creek Rancheria of Pomo Indians of California] 
Cherokee Native Village of Buckland
ChickasawDuckwater Shoshone Tribe of the Duckwater Reservation, Nevada 
Chilkat Native Village of Cantwell
ChilliwackEastern Band of Cherokee Indians 
Chilluckittequaw  Native Village of Chenega (aka Chanega)
ChilulaEastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma 
Chimakuan Native Village of Chignik Lagoon
ChimakumEastern Shoshone Tribe of the Wind River Reservation, Wyoming [previously listed as Shoshone Tribe of the Wind River Reservation, Wyoming] 
Chimariko Native Village of Chitina
ChineElem Indian Colony of Pomo Indians of the Sulphur Bank Rancheria, California 
Chinookan Family Native Village of Chuathbaluk (Russian Mission, Kuskokwim)
ChipewyanElk Valley Rancheria, California 
Chippewa/Ojibway Native Village of Council
Chiricahua ApacheEly Shoshone Tribe of Nevada 
Chitimacha Native Village of Deering
ChiwereEnterprise Rancheria of Maidu Indians of California 
Choctaw Native Village of Diomede (aka Inalik)
ChoulaEwiiaapaayp Band of Kumeyaay Indians, California 
Chowanoc Native Village of Eagle


Federated Indians of Graton Rancheria, California 
Clackama  Native Village of Eek
Clallam/KlallamFlandreau Santee Sioux Tribe of South Dakota 
Clatskanie Native Village of Ekuk
Clatsop Forest County Potawatomi Community, Wisconsin 
Clovis Culture Native Village of Ekwok [previously listed as Ekwok Village]
ClowwewallaFort Belknap Indian Community of the Fort Belknap Reservation of Montana 
Coahuiltecan Native Village of Elim
CoaqueFort Bidwell Indian Community of the Fort Bidwell Reservation of California 
Cochimi  Native Village of Eyak (Cordova)
CochitiFort Independence Indian Community of Paiute Indians of the Fort Independence Reservation, California 
Cocopa Native Village of False Pass
Coeur d’AleneFort McDermitt Paiute and Shoshone Tribes of the Fort McDermitt Indian Reservation, Nevada and Oregon 
Colville Native Village of Fort Yukon
ComancheFort McDowell Yavapai Nation, Arizona 
Conestoga/Susquehannock Native Village of Gakona
CongareeFort Mojave Indian Tribe of Arizona, California & Nevada 
Conoy/Piscataway Native Village of Gambell
CoosFort Sill Apache Tribe of Oklahoma 
Copalis Native Village of Georgetown
CoquelleGila River Indian Community of the Gila River Indian Reservation, Arizona 
Coree Native Village of Goodnews Bay
Costanoan/OhloneGrand Traverse Band of Ottawa and Chippewa Indians, Michigan 
Coushatta/Koasati Native Village of Hamilton
CowichanGreenville Rancheria [previously listed as Greenville Rancheria of Maidu Indians of California] 
Cowlitz Native Village of Hooper Bay
CreeGrindstone Indian Rancheria of Wintun-Wailaki Indians of California 
Creek Native Village of Kanatak
CroatanGuidiville Rancheria of California 
Crow/Absaroka Native Village of Karluk
CuñeilHabematolel Pomo of Upper Lake, California 
Cupeño Native Village of Kiana
DHannahville Indian Community, Michigan 


 Native Village of Kipnuk
DakubetedeHavasupai Tribe of the Havasupai Reservation, Arizona 
Dalton Period Native Village of Kivalina
DeadoseHo-Chunk Nation of Wisconsin 


 Native Village of Kluti Kaah (aka Copper Center)
DiegueñoHoh Indian Tribe [previously listed as Hoh Indian Tribe of the Hoh Indian Reservation, Washington] 
Diné/Navajo Native Village of Kobuk
DogribHoopa Valley Tribe, California 


 Native Village of Kongiganak
DoustioniHopi Tribe of Arizona 
Duhare Native Village of Kotzebue
DuwamishHopland Band of Pomo Indians, California [previously listed as Hopland Band of Pomo Indians of the Hopland Rancheria, California] 
E Native Village of Koyuk


Houlton Band of Maliseet Indians 
Eno Native Village of Kwigillingok
ErieHualapai Indian Tribe of the Hualapai Indian Reservation, Arizona 


 Native Village of Kwinhagak (aka Quinhagak)
EsselenIipay Nation of Santa Ysabel, California [previously listed as Santa Ysabel Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Santa Ysabel Reservation] 
Etchimin Native Village of Larsen Bay


Inaja Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Inaja and Cosmit Reservation, California 
Eyak Native Village of Marshall (aka Fortuna Ledge)
EyeishIone Band of Miwok Indians of California 
F Native Village of Mary’s Igloo


Iowa Tribe of Kansas and Nebraska 
Flathead/Salish Native Village of Mekoryuk
Five Civilized TribesIowa Tribe of Oklahoma 


 Native Village of Minto
FremontJackson Band of Miwuk Indians [previously listed as Jackson Rancheria of Me-Wuk Indians of California] 

Fresh Water

 Native Village of Nanwalek (aka English Bay)
Fus-hatcheeJamestown S’Klallam Tribe 
G Native Village of Napaimute


Jamul Indian Village of California 
Galice/Applegate Native Village of Napakiak
GrigrasJena Band of Choctaw Indians 

Gros Ventre/Atsina

 Native Village of Napaskiak
GuacataJicarilla Apache Nation, New Mexico 


 Native Village of Nelson Lagoon
GuasasKaibab Band of Paiute Indians of the Kaibab Indian Reservation, Arizona 
H Native Village of Nightmute


Kalispel Indian Community of the Kalispel Reservation 
Haida Native Village of Nikolski
HainaiKaruk Tribe [previously listed as Karuk Tribe of California] 
Halchidhoma Native Village of Noatak
HalyikwamaiKashia Band of Pomo Indians of the Stewarts Point Rancheria, California 
Han Native Village of Nuiqsut (aka Nooiksut)
HanisKaw Nation, Oklahoma 
Hare Native Village of Nunam Iqua [previously listed as Native Village of Sheldon’s Point]
HasinaiKewa Pueblo, New Mexico [previously listed as Pueblo of Santo Domingo] 
Hathawekela Native Village of Nunapitchuk


Keweenaw Bay Indian Community, Michigan 
Havasupai Native Village of Ouzinkie
HawaiiansKialegee Tribal Town 
Hidatsa Native Village of Paimiut
HainaiKickapoo Traditional Tribe of Texas 
Hilibi Native Village of Perryville
HitchitiKickapoo Tribe of Indians of the Kickapoo Reservation in Kansas 
Ho-Chunk/Winnebago Native Village of Pilot Point
HonniasontkerononKickapoo Tribe of Oklahoma 
Hoh Native Village of Point Hope


Kiowa Indian Tribe of Oklahoma 
Hokan Native Village of Point Lay
HopiKlamath Tribes 
Houma Native Village of Port Graham
HousatonicKletsel Dehe Band of Wintun Indians [previously listed as Cortina Indian Rancheria] 
Huchnom Native Village of Port Heiden
Hualupai/WalapaiKoi Nation of Northern California [previously listed as Lower Lake Rancheria, California] 
Humptulips Native Village of Port Lions
HupaKootenai Tribe of Idaho 
Huron/Wyandot Native Village of Ruby
ILa Jolla Band of Luiseno Indians, California [previously listed as La Jolla Band of Luiseno Mission Indians of the La Jolla Reservation] 


 Native Village of Saint Michael
IcafuiLa Posta Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the La Posta Indian Reservation, California 
Illinois/Illini Native Village of Savoonga
IngalikLac Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians of Wisconsin 


 Native Village of Scammon Bay
Inuit/EskimoLac du Flambeau Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians of the Lac du Flambeau Reservation of Wisconsin 
Inupiat Native Village of Selawik
Iowa/IowayLac Vieux Desert Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians of Michigan 


 Native Village of Shaktoolik
Ishak/Isleta del SurLas Vegas Tribe of Paiute Indians of the Las Vegas Indian Colony, Nevada 
Isleta Native Village of Shishmaref
IspokogiLittle River Band of Ottawa Indians, Michigan 
J Native Village of Shungnak


Little Shell Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana 
Jeags Native Village of Stevens

Juaneño – See Acjachemem

Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians, Michigan 


 Native Village of Tanacross
KLone Pine Paiute-Shoshone Tribe [previously listed as Paiute-Shoshone Indians of the Lone Pine Community of the Lone Pine Reservation, California] 


 Native Village of Tanana
Kahnawake/CaughnawagaLos Coyotes Band of Cahuilla and Cupeno Indians, California [previously listed as Los Coyotes Band of Cahuilla & Cupeno Indians of the Los Coyotes Reservation] 
Kainai Native Village of Tatitlek
Kalapuya FamilyLovelock Paiute Tribe of the Lovelock Indian Colony, Nevada 
Kalispel Native Village of Tazlina
Kan-hatkiLower Brule Sioux Tribe of the Lower Brule Reservation, South Dakota 
Kamia Native Village of Teller
Kanza/KawLower Elwha Tribal Community [previously listed as Lower Elwha Tribal Community of the Lower Elwha Reservation, Washington] 
Karankawa Native Village of Tetlin
KeresanLower Sioux Indian Community in the State of Minnesota 
Karok Native Village of Tuntutuliak
KaskaLummi Tribe of the Lummi Reservation 
Kaskaskia Native Village of Tununak
KaskinampoLytton Rancheria of California 
Kalapula Native Village of Tyonek
KatoMakah Indian Tribe of the Makah Indian Reservation 
Kawaiisu Native Village of Unalakleet
KawchodinneManchester Band of Pomo Indians of the Manchester Rancheria, California [previously listed as Manchester Band of Pomo Indians of the Manchester-Point Arena Rancheria, California] 


 Native Village of Unga
KealedjiManzanita Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Manzanita Reservation, California 
Kennebec Native Village of Venetie Tribal Government (Arctic Village and Village of Venetie)
Keresan FamilyMashantucket Pequot Indian Tribe [previously listed as Mashantucket Pequot Tribe of Connecticut] 
Kewa Native Village of Wales
KeyauweeMashpee Wampanoag Tribe [previously listed as Mashpee Wampanoag Indian Tribal Council, Inc.] 
Kichai Native Village of White Mountain
KichtawankMatch-e-be-nash-she-wish Band of Pottawatomi Indians of Michigan 
Kickapoo Nenana Native Association
KiowaMechoopda Indian Tribe of Chico Rancheria, California 
Kitanemuk New Koliganek Village Council
KitksanMenominee Indian Tribe of Wisconsin 
Kitsai New Stuyahok Village
Klallam/ClallamMesa Grande Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Mesa Grande Reservation, California 
Klamath Newhalen Village
KlickitatMescalero Apache Tribe of the Mescalero Reservation, New Mexico 
Koasati/Coushatta Newtok Village
KohuanaMiami Tribe of Oklahoma 


 Nikolai Village
KonomihuMiccosukee Tribe of Indians 
Kootenai/Kutenai Ninilchik Village
KoroaMiddletown Rancheria of Pomo Indians of California 
Koso Nome Eskimo Community
KosotsheMinnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota (Six component reservations: Bois Forte Band (Nett Lake); Fond du Lac Band; Grand Portage Band; Leech Lake Band; Mille Lacs Band; White Earth Band) 
Koyeti Nondalton Village
KoyukonMississippi Band of Choctaw Indians 
Kumeyaay Noorvik Native Community
KutchinMoapa Band of Paiute Indians of the Moapa River Indian Reservation, Nevada 
Kutenai Northway Village
KuitshModoc Nation [previously listed as The Modoc Tribe of Oklahoma] 
Kusan Nulato Village
KtunaxaMohegan Tribe of Indians of Connecticut [previously listed as Mohegan Indian Tribe of Connecticut] 
Kutchin Nunakauyarmiut Tribe
KwaiailkMonacan Indian Nation 
Kwakiutl Organized Village of Grayling (aka Holikachuk)
KwalhioquaMooretown Rancheria of Maidu Indians of California 
L Organized Village of Kake


Morongo Band of Mission Indians, California [previously listed as Morongo Band of Cahuilla Mission Indians of the Morongo Reservation] 
Lakmiut Organized Village of Kasaan
LakotaMuckleshoot Indian Tribe [previously listed as Muckleshoot Indian Tribe of the Muckleshoot Reservation, Washington] 
Lassik Organized Village of Kwethluk
LatgawaNansemond Indian Nation [previously listed as Nansemond Indian Tribe] 
Lemhi Organized Village of Saxman


Narragansett Indian Tribe 
Lillooet Orutsararmiut Traditional Native Council [previously listed as Orutsararmuit Native Village (aka Bethel)]
Lithic-Paleo Indian PeriodNavajo Nation, Arizona, New Mexico, & Utah 
Little Shell of the Chippewa (Montana) Oscarville Traditional Village
LochapokaNez Perce Tribe [previously listed as Nez Perce Tribe of Idaho] 
Lohim Pauloff Harbor Village


Nisqually Indian Tribe [previously listed as Nisqually Indian Tribe of the Nisqually Reservation, Washington] 
Luckamiute Pedro Bay Village
LuisenoNooksack Indian Tribe 
Lumbee Petersburg Indian Association
LummiNorthern Cheyenne Tribe of the Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation, Montana 
Lutuamian Pilot Station Traditional Village
MNorthfork Rancheria of Mono Indians of California 


 Pitka’s Point Traditional Council [previously listed as Native Village of Pitka’s Point]
MachapungaNorthwestern Band of the Shoshone Nation [previously listed as Northwestern Band of Shoshoni Nation and the Northwestern Band of Shoshoni Nation of Utah (Washakie)] 
Mahican Platinum Traditional Village
MaiduNottawaseppi Huron Band of the Potawatomi, Michigan [previously listed as Huron Potawatomi, Inc.] 
Makah Portage Creek Village (aka Ohgsenakale)
MaliseetOglala Sioux Tribe [previously listed as Oglala Sioux Tribe of the Pine Ridge Reservation, South Dakota] 
Manahoac Pribilof Islands Aleut Communities of St. Paul & St. George Islands (Saint George Island and Saint Paul Island)
MandanOhkay Owingeh, New Mexico [previously listed as Pueblo of San Juan] 
Manhattan Qagan Tayagungin Tribe of Sand Point [previously listed as Qagan Tayagungin Tribe of Sand Point Village]
ManisseanOmaha Tribe of Nebraska 
Manso Qawalangin Tribe of Unalaska
MaramegOneida Indian Nation [previously listed as Oneida Nation of New York] 
Maricopa Rampart Village
MariposanOneida Nation [previously listed as Oneida Tribe of Indians of Wisconsin] 
Martha’s Vineyard Saint George Island (See Pribilof Islands Aleut Communities of St. Paul & St. George Islands)
MascoutenOnondaga Nation 
Mashongnovi Saint Paul Island (See Pribilof Islands Aleut Communities of St. Paul & St. George Islands)
MaskegonOtoe-Missouria Tribe of Indians, Oklahoma 
Massachusett Salamatof Tribe [previously listed as Village of Salamatoff]
MashpeeOttawa Tribe of Oklahoma 
Matchoctic Seldovia Village Tribe
MatinecocPaiute Indian Tribe of Utah (Cedar Band of Paiutes, Kanosh Band of Paiutes, Koosharem Band of Paiutes, Indian Peaks Band of Paiutes, and Shivwits Band of Paiutes [previously listed as Paiute Indian Tribe of Utah (Cedar City Band of Paiutes, Kanosh Band of Paiutes, Koosharem Band of Paiutes, Indian Peaks Band of Paiutes, and Shivwits Band of Paiutes)] 
Mattabesic Shageluk Native Village


Paiute-Shoshone Tribe of the Fallon Reservation and Colony, Nevada 
Maya Sitka Tribe of Alaska
MeherrinPala Band of Mission Indians [previously listed as Pala Band of Luiseno Mission Indians of the Pala Reservation, California] 
Meits Skagway Village
MenomineePamunkey Indian Tribe 
Merrimack – See Pennacook South Naknek Village
Mescalero ApachePascua Yaqui Tribe of Arizona 
Meskwaki/Fox Stebbins Community Association
MethowPaskenta Band of Nomlaki Indians of California 
Métis Sun’aq Tribe of Kodiak [previously listed as Shoonaq’ Tribe of Kodiak]
MetoacPassamaquoddy Tribe 
Miami Takotna Village
MicalPauma Band of Luiseno Mission Indians of the Pauma & Yuima Reservation, California 
Michigamea Tangirnaq Native Village [previously listed as Lesnoi Village (aka Woody Island)]
MichilimackinacPawnee Nation of Oklahoma 
Mikasuki Telida Village
Mi’kmaq (Micmac)Pechanga Band of Luiseno Mission Indians of the Pechanga Reservation, California 
Miluk Traditional Village of Togiak
MingoPenobscot Nation [previously listed as Penobscot Tribe of Maine] 
Mishikhwutmetunne Tuluksak Native Community
MissouriPeoria Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma 
Miwok Twin Hills Village
MoapaPicayune Rancheria of Chukchansi Indians of California 
Mobile Ugashik Village


Pinoleville Pomo Nation, California [previously listed as Pinoleville Rancheria of Pomo Indians of California] 
Moctobi Umkumiut Native Village [previously listed as Umkumiute Native Village]
ModocPit River Tribe, California (includes XL Ranch, Big Bend, Likely, Lookout, Montgomery Creek, and Roaring Creek Rancherias) 
Mogollon Village of Alakanuk
MohawkPoarch Band of Creeks [previously listed as Poarch Band of Creek Indians of Alabama] 
Mohegan Village of Anaktuvuk Pass
MohicanPokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians, Michigan and Indiana 
Mojave Village of Aniak
MolalaPonca Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma 
Monacan Village of Atmautluak
MonoPonca Tribe of Nebraska 
Mono-Paviotso Village of Bill Moore’s Slough
MontagnaisPort Gamble S’Klallam Tribe [previously listed as Port Gamble Band of S’Klallam Indians] 
Montauk Village of Chefornak
MoraviansPotter Valley Tribe, California 
Moratoc Village of Clarks Point
Mosepolea – See OfoPrairie Band Potawatomi Nation [previously listed as Prairie Band of Potawatomi Nation, Kansas] 
Muckleshoot Village of Crooked Creek
MucogoPrairie Island Indian Community in the State of Minnesota 
Mugulasha Village of Dot Lake
MuklasaPueblo of Acoma, New Mexico 
Multnomah Village of Iliamna
MunseePueblo of Cochiti, New Mexico 
Muscogean Family Village of Kalskag
NPueblo of Isleta, New Mexico 


 Village of Kaltag
NacisiPueblo of Jemez, New Mexico 
Nacogdoche Village of Kotlik
NakotaPueblo of Laguna, New Mexico 
Naltunnetunne Village of Lower Kalskag
NambéPueblo of Nambe, New Mexico 
Nanatsoho Village of Ohogamiut
NanticokePueblo of Picuris, New Mexico 
Napissa Village of Red Devil
NapochiPueblo of Pojoaque, New Mexico 
Narragansett Village of Sleetmute
NaskapiPueblo of San Felipe, New Mexico 


 Village of Solomon
NatchitochesPueblo of San Ildefonso, New Mexico 
Nauset Village of Stony River
Navajo/DinéPueblo of Sandia, New Mexico 
Neketemeuk Village of Venetie (See Native Village of Venetie Tribal Government)
NemalquinnerPueblo of Santa Ana, New Mexico 
Nespelem Village of Wainwright
NeusiokPueblo of Santa Clara, New Mexico 
Neutral Wrangell Cooperative Association
New YorkPueblo of Taos, New Mexico 
Nez Percé Yakutat Tlingit Tribe


Pueblo of Tesuque, New Mexico 
Nippissing Yupiit of Andreafski
NipmucPueblo of Zia, New Mexico 
NochpeemPuyallup Tribe of the Puyallup Reservation 
NooksakPyramid Lake Paiute Tribe of the Pyramid Lake Reservation, Nevada 
NoquetQuapaw Nation [previously listed as The Quapaw Tribe of Indians] 
NtlakyapamukQuartz Valley Indian Community of the Quartz Valley Reservation of California 


Quechan Tribe of the Fort Yuma Indian Reservation, California & Arizona 
OfoQuileute Tribe of the Quileute Reservation 
Ohkay Owingeh  
Ohlone/CostanoanQuinault Indian Nation [previously listed as Quinault Tribe of the Quinault Reservation, Washington] 
OkanagonRamona Band of Cahuilla, California [previously listed as Ramona Band or Village of Cahuilla Mission Indians of California] 
OkelousaRappahannock Tribe, Inc. 


Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians of Wisconsin 
OmahaRed Lake Band of Chippewa Indians, Minnesota 
OnatheaquaRedding Rancheria, California 
OneotaRedwood Valley or Little River Band of Pomo Indians of the Redwood Valley Rancheria California [previously listed as Redwood Valley Rancheria of Pomo Indians of California] 
OnonchatarononReno-Sparks Indian Colony, Nevada 


Resighini Rancheria, California 
OraibiRincon Band of Luiseno Mission Indians of Rincon Reservation, California 
OsochiRobinson Rancheria [previously listed as Robinson Rancheria Band of Pomo Indians, California] 
OttawaRosebud Sioux Tribe of the Rosebud Indian Reservation, South Dakota 
OzetteRound Valley Indian Tribes, Round Valley Reservation, California [previously listed as Round Valley Indian Tribes of the Round Valley Reservation, California] 


Sac & Fox Nation of Missouri in Kansas and Nebraska 
Paleoindian-Lithic PeriodSac & Fox Nation, Oklahoma 
Pallachacola (see Apalachicola)  
Palouse/PalusSac & Fox Tribe of the Mississippi in Iowa 
PapagoSaginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe of Michigan 
PassamaquoddySaint Regis Mohawk Tribe [previously listed as St. Regis Band of Mohawk Indians of New York] 
PatitiSalt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community of the Salt River Reservation, Arizona 
PatwinSamish Indian Nation [previously listed as Samish Indian Tribe, Washington] 
PawoktiSan Carlos Apache Tribe of the San Carlos Reservation, Arizona 
Pawtucket – See Pennacook  
PecosSan Juan Southern Paiute Tribe of Arizona 

Pend d’Oreille

San Manuel Band of Mission Indians, California [previously listed as San Manual Band of Serrano Mission Indians of the San Manual Reservation] 
PenobscotSan Pasqual Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of California 
PentlatchSanta Rosa Band of Cahuilla Indians, California [previously listed as Santa Rosa Band of Cahuilla Mission Indians of the Santa Rosa Reservation] 
PepikokiaSanta Rosa Indian Community of the Santa Rosa Rancheria, California 
PequotSanta Ynez Band of Chumash Mission Indians of the Santa Ynez Reservation, California 
PicurisSantee Sioux Nation, Nebraska 
PimaSauk-Suiattle Indian Tribe 
Pinal Coyotero  
PiankashawSault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians, Michigan 
Piscatawa/ConoyScotts Valley Band of Pomo Indians of California 

Pit River

Plains IndiansSeminole Tribe of Florida [previously listed as Seminole Tribe of Florida (Dania, Big Cypress, Brighton, Hollywood, & Tampa Reservations)] 
PocomokeSeneca Nation of Indians [previously listed as Seneca Nation of New York] 
Pohoy, Pooy, PosoySeneca-Cayuga Nation [previously listed as Seneca-Cayuga Tribe of Oklahoma] 
PomoShakopee Mdewakanton Sioux Community of Minnesota 
PotanoShawnee Tribe 
PotawatomiSherwood Valley Rancheria of Pomo Indians of California 
PshwanwapamShingle Springs Band of Miwok Indians, Shingle Springs Rancheria (Verona Tract), California 
PuyllupShinnecock Indian Nation 
QShoalwater Bay Indian Tribe of the Shoalwater Bay Indian Reservation [previously listed as Shoalwater Bay Tribe of the Shoalwater Bay Indian Reservation, Washington] 


QuapawShoshone-Bannock Tribes of the Fort Hall Reservation 


Shoshone-Paiute Tribes of the Duck Valley Reservation, Nevada 


Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate of the Lake Traverse Reservation, South Dakota 
RSkokomish Indian Tribe [previously listed as Skokomish Indian Tribe of the Skokomish Reservation, Washington] 


RaritanSkull Valley Band of Goshute Indians of Utah 


Ree/ArikaraSnoqualmie Indian Tribe [previously listed as Snoqualmie Tribe, Washington] 

Rouge River

SSoboba Band of Luiseno Indians, California 


Sac and FoxSokaogon Chippewa Community, Wisconsin 
SahehwamishSouthern Ute Indian Tribe of the Southern Ute Reservation, Colorado 
Salinan Family  
Salish/FlatheadSpirit Lake Tribe, North Dakota 
Salishan Family  
SaludaSpokane Tribe of the Spokane Reservation 
SandiaSquaxin Island Tribe of the Squaxin Island Reservation 
Santee/DakotaSt. Croix Chippewa Indians of Wisconsin 
San FelipeStanding Rock Sioux Tribe of North & South Dakota 
San Ildefonso  
Santa AnaStillaguamish Tribe of Indians of Washington [previously listed as Stillaguamish Tribe of Washington] 
Santa Clara  
Saponi/SapponyStockbridge Munsee Community, Wisconsin 
SatsopSummit Lake Paiute Tribe of Nevada 
SaturiwaSuquamish Indian Tribe of the Port Madison Reservation 


Susanville Indian Rancheria, California 
SenijexteeSwinomish Indian Tribal Community [previously listed as Swinomish Indians of the Swinomish Reservation of Washington] 
SeweeSycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation 
ShastaTable Mountain Rancheria [previously listed as Table Mountain Rancheria of California] 
ShoshoneTejon Indian Tribe 
ShuswapTe-Moak Tribe of Western Shoshone Indians of Nevada (Four constituent bands: Battle Mountain Band; Elko Band; South Fork Band; and Wells Band) 
SiksikaThe Chickasaw Nation 
SinsinkThe Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma 
Siouan FamilyThe Muscogee (Creek) Nation 
SissipahawThe Osage Nation [previously listed as Osage Tribe] 
SkaddalThe Seminole Nation of Oklahoma 


Thlopthlocco Tribal Town 
SnakeThree Affiliated Tribes of the Fort Berthold Reservation, North Dakota 
Snoqualime/SnoqualmieTimbisha Shoshone Tribe [previously listed as Death Valley Timbi-sha Shoshone] 
SobaipuriTohono O’odham Nation of Arizona 
SpokanTolowa Dee-ni’ Nation [previously listed as Smith River Rancheria, California] 
StehtsasamishTonawanda Band of Seneca [previously listed as Tonawanda Band of Seneca Indians of New York] 
StockbridgeTonkawa Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma 
SugereeTonto Apache Tribe of Arizona 
SurruqueTorres Martinez Desert Cahuilla Indians, California [previously listed as Torres-Martinez Band of Cahuilla Mission Indians of California] 
SutaioTulalip Tribes of Washington [previously listed as Tulalip Tribes of the Tulalip Reservation, Washington] 
SwinomishTule River Indian Tribe of the Tule River Reservation, California 
SemiahmooTunica-Biloxi Indian Tribe 


Tuolumne Band of Me-Wuk Indians of the Tuolumne Rancheria of California 
TaensaTurtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians of North Dakota 
Taino/ArawakTuscarora Nation 
TaliTwenty-Nine Palms Band of Mission Indians of California 
TaltushtuntudeUnited Auburn Indian Community of the Auburn Rancheria of California 
TangipahoaUnited Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians in Oklahoma 
Tanoan Family  
TanoUpper Mattaponi Tribe 
TaposaUpper Sioux Community, Minnesota 
Tatavium/AliklikUpper Skagit Indian Tribe 
Tatsanottine/YellowknifeUte Indian Tribe of the Uintah & Ouray Reservation, Utah 
TawasaUte Mountain Ute Tribe [previously listed as Ute Mountain Tribe of the Ute Mountain Reservation, Colorado, New Mexico, & Utah] 


TeninoUtu Utu Gwaitu Paiute Tribe of the Benton Paiute Reservation, California 
Tekesta, TequestaWalker River Paiute Tribe of the Walker River Reservation, Nevada 
TesuqueWampanoag Tribe of Gay Head (Aquinnah) 
TiguexWashoe Tribe of Nevada & California (Carson Colony, Dresslerville Colony, Woodfords Community, Stewart Community, & Washoe Ranches) 
TillamookWhite Mountain Apache Tribe of the Fort Apache Reservation, Arizona 
Timucuan Family  
TiouxWichita and Affiliated Tribes (Wichita, Keechi, Waco, & Tawakonie), Oklahoma 
TlingitWilton Rancheria, California 
TohomeWinnebago Tribe of Nebraska 
Tohono O’odham  
TolowaWinnemucca Indian Colony of Nevada 
TompiroWiyot Tribe, California [previously listed as Table Bluff Reservation—Wiyot Tribe] 


TowaWyandotte Nation 
Tsattine/BeaverYankton Sioux Tribe of South Dakota 
TsilkotinYavapai-Apache Nation of the Camp Verde Indian Reservation, Arizona 
TübatulabalYavapai-Prescott Indian Tribe [previously listed as Yavapai-Prescott Tribe of the Yavapai Reservation, Arizona] 
TukkuthkutchinYerington Paiute Tribe of the Yerington Colony & Campbell Ranch, Nevada 
TulalipYocha Dehe Wintun Nation, California [previously listed as Rumsey Indian Rancheria of Wintun Indians of California] 
TunxisYomba Shoshone Tribe of the Yomba Reservation, Nevada 
TuskegeeYsleta del Sur Pueblo [previously listed as Ysleta Del Sur Pueblo of Texas] 
TuteloYurok Tribe of the Yurok Reservation, California 
TwanaZuni Tribe of the Zuni Reservation, New Mexico 




Unami (see Ani-Stohini)  




Walla Walla  






Yakonan Family  


Yokuts Family  


Ysleta del Sur  
Yuman Family  

Oath Poem:

Oath and keeper of wonders perfect in power that reveals the lights; the one of all perfection in the whole world is here.

Its force or power is entire (soul) if it be converted into earth; its power is perfected (mind) if it is turned in to earth; its power is whole (memory) if it can be turned into earth; its power is complete (will) if it can be turned into earth.

The Hippocratic Oath:


The Hippocratic Oath is an oath historically taken by physicians. It is one of the most widely known of Greek medical texts. In its original form, it requires a new physician to swear, by a number of healing gods, to uphold specific ethical standards. Of historic and traditional value, the oath is considered a rite of passage for practitioners of medicine in many countries, although nowadays various modernized versions are often used.

Modern Version of Hippocratic Oath:

I swear to fulfill, to the best of my ability and judgment, this covenant:…I will respect the hard-won scientific gains of those physicians in whose steps I walk, and gladly share such knowledge as is mine with those who are to follow.

I will apply, for the benefit of the sick, all measures which are required, avoiding those twin traps of overtreatment and therapeutic nihilism.

I will remember that there is art to medicine as well as science, and that warmth, sympathy, and understanding may outweigh the surgeon’s knife or the chemist’s drug.

I will not be ashamed to say “I know not,” nor will I fail to call in my colleagues when the skills of another are needed for a patient’s recovery.

I will respect the privacy of my patients, for their problems are not disclosed to me that the world may know. Most especially must I tread with care in matters of life and death. Above all, I must not play at God.

I will remember that I do not treat a fever chart, a cancerous growth, but a sick human being, whose illness may affect the person’s family and economic stability. My responsibility includes these related problems, if I am to care adequately for the sick.

I will prevent disease whenever I can, for prevention is preferable to cure.

I will remember that I remain a member of society, with special obligations to all my fellow human beings, those sound of mind and body as well as the infirm.

If I do not violate this oath, may I enjoy life and art, respected while I live and remembered with affection thereafter. May I always act so as to preserve the finest traditions of my calling and may I long experience the joy of healing those who seek my help.

            -—- Written in 1964 by Louis Lasagna, Academic Dean of the School of Medicine at Tufts University, and used in many medical schools today. -—-

Traditional Version of Hippocratic Oath:

I swear by Apollo The Healer, by Asclepius, by Hygieia, by Panacea, and by all the Gods and Goddesses, making them my witnesses, that I will carry out, according to my ability and judgment, this oath and this indenture.

To hold my teacher in this art equal to my own parents; to make him partner in my livelihood; when he is in need of money to share mine with him; to consider his family as my own brothers, and to teach them this art, if they want to learn it, without fee or indenture; to impart precept, oral instruction, and all other instruction to my own sons, the sons of my teacher, and to indentured pupils who have taken the physician’s oath, but to nobody else.

I will use treatment to help the sick according to my ability and judgment, but never with a view to injury and wrong-doing. Neither will I administer a poison to anybody when asked to do so, nor will I suggest such a course. Similarly I will not give to a woman a pessary to cause abortion. But I will keep pure and holy both my life and my art. I will not use the knife, not even, verily, on sufferers from stone, but I will give place to such as are craftsmen therein.

Into whatsoever houses I enter, I will enter to help the sick, and I will abstain from all intentional wrong-doing and harm, especially from abusing the bodies of man or woman, bond or free. And whatsoever I shall see or hear in the course of my profession, as well as outside my profession in my intercourse with men, if it be what should not be published abroad, I will never divulge, holding such things to be holy secrets.

Now if I carry out this oath, and break it not, may I gain for ever reputation among all men for my life and for my art; but if I transgress it and forswear myself, may the opposite befall me.

-—- Hippocrates of Cos (1923). “The Oath”Loeb Classical Library147: 298–299. doi:10.4159/DLCL.hippocrates_cos-oath.1923. Retrieved 6 October 2015. -—-